Tag Archive for 'Jesus in the Old Testament'

Quotes About Jesus in the Old Testament – Part 9 of 9

I thought I should finish this up. The three books I quoted from are listed at the very bottom. The one by Duguid is very short and basic. The book by Murray is very easy to read but also very complete, and the work by Wright is just a bit more academic but still in the ‘popular’ realm and quoted quite a bit by Murray. All three are great.

So the law, then, was given to Israel in the context of a relationship that had already been established by God. It was never intended as a means of salvation, but rather as guidance for living in a way that pleased the God who had saved you. That is why the ten commandments begin with a statement, not a command.

I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery.
(Ex 20:2)

That is why, when an Israelite son asked his father what all the law meant, the answer was a story — the old, old story of God’s saving love and deliverance. The very meaning of the law was to be found in the Gospel.

In the future, when your son asks you, ‘What is the meaning of the stipulations, decrees and laws the LORD our God has commanded you?’ tell him: ‘We were slaves of Pharaoh in Egypt, but the LORD brought us out of Egypt with a mighty hand. … He brought us out from there to bring us in and give us the land that he promised on oath to our forefathers. The LORD commanded us to obey all these decrees and to fear the LORD our God, so that we might always prosper and be kept alive, as is the case today. And if we are careful to obey all this law before the LORD our God, as he has commanded us, that will be our righteousness.’
(Deut. 6:20-25)

Our righteousness’, indeed – but only in response to his righteousness, which was his saving grace in liberation from Egypt. Obedience flows from grace; it does not buy it. Obedience is the fruit and proof and sustenance of a relationship with the God you already know.

The same priority of relationship with God over the details of behaviour is found in the teaching of Jesus.

–Christopher J. H. Wright, Knowing Jesus Through the Old Testament

Also see:

Quotes About Jesus in the Old Testament – Part 8 of Many

This quote should have been the first one. Sorry about that. I wasn’t very organized about it.

According to Jesus and the apostles, then, when you interpret the Old Testament correctly, you find that its focus is not primarily stories about moral improvement, calls for social action, or visions concerning end-time events. Rather, the central message of the Old Testament is Jesus: specifically the sufferings of Christ and the glories that follow—both the glorious resurrection of Christ and the glorious inheritance that he has won for all of his people. Certainly, understanding this gospel should lead to a new morality in the lives of believers. It should motivate and empower us to seek to meet the needs of the lost and broken world around us and should engage our passion for the new heavens and the new earth that will be realized when Christ returns. But the heart of the message of the Old Testament is a witness to Christ, which centers on his suffering and glory, his death and resurrection.

–Iain Duguid, Is Jesus in the Old Testament? (Basics of the Faith)

Also see:

Quotes About Jesus in the Old Testament – Part 7 of Many

Jesus Christ didn’t simply come to earth to take away our sins. If that had been his purpose he could have proceeded immediately to the cross. Instead, he came to share our human experience to the full and to do so perfectly, completely without sin, so that he could replace our defiled garments with his own pure, clean garments of righteousness (as depicted in Zech. 3).

This incarnation of the people Israel in a faithful individual is anticipated in the Old Testament in Isaiah’s servant of the Lord. Isaiah proclaimed that this servant would accomplish the things that were earlier attributed to the Messiah, bringing justice and light to the Gentiles (compare Isaiah 42:1 with 11:2–4 and 49:6 with 9:2–6). But is this servant the nation of Israel, as seems to be the case in Isaiah 41:8–9 and 43:10? Or is he an individual distinct from the nation, as in Isaiah 49:5–6? The answer is that there is a crucial shift in the identity of the servant in Isaiah 49. Between chapters 40–48, the figure of the servant represents the nation of Israel. The people once rejected by the Lord because of their sins and sent into captivity in Babylon will be redeemed by the Lord and brought back to their land. Their hard service is over, and their sins have been paid for. Now they are called to bring justice to the nations (42:1–4). Yet the historical Israel that returned from exile was far from the ideal presented in this verse. The people were discouraged and disorganized, unequipped to answer the call.

In Isaiah 49, however, we meet a servant who both is himself Israel (Isaiah 49:3) and yet at the same time has a mission to Israel (Isaiah 49:5). Israel’s failed ministry to bring light and justice to the nations is now taken up by the servant in her place. Unlike Israel, which was disobedient and suffered for her own sins, complaining that the Lord had abandoned her, this servant would be obedient, suffering in silence for Israel’s sins, and looking forward in hope to his final vindication (Isa. 53). Who is this mysterious servant? Is the prophet speaking of himself or of someone else? The Ethiopian eunuch asked this very question of Philip in Acts 8, and Philip responded by telling him the good news about Jesus. Jesus is the personification of Israel, who takes on himself the suffering that Israel’s sins deserve and fulfills Israel’s neglected calling to be a light to the Gentiles, uniting in himself the two halves of the servant’s mission described by Isaiah.

–Iain Duguid, Is Jesus in the Old Testament? (Basics of the Faith), pg 32

Also see:

Quotes About Jesus in the Old Testament – Part 6 of Many

Although the work of redemption was not actually wrought by Christ till after His incarnation, yet the virtue, efficacy, and
benefits thereof were communicated unto the elect, in all ages successively from the beginning of the world, in and by those promises, types, and sacrifices, wherein He was revealed.

–Westminster Confession of Faith

Old Testament faith was Christ-centered faith. (Hebrews 11:13-26; 12:2) Of course, Old Testament faith was shadow faith, but shadow implies at least some light. They did not see as much as New Testament Christians, they did not have as much of the Holy Spirit, and they did not have as strong assurance of the Father’s love, but they had at least shadow versions of them.

But however imbalanced their faith may have become at times, Old Testament believers had conscious faith in the coming Christ. Pastor and author Charles Drew cited Hebrews 11:1—12:2 and commented,

“Their faith points us to Jesus, and it does so in at least three ways: he is the object of their faith, he is the perfect model of their imperfect faith, and he is the builder of their faith.”

–David Murray, Jesus On Every Page (Advance Copy)

Also see:

Quotes About Jesus in the Old Testament – Pt 5 of Many

I love this quote partly because I love Psalm 119. I won’t write any more, or I’ll just be restating the quote in a much less eloquent way.

There is much in the life and teaching of Jesus which reflects the ethos of Psalm 119 — a Psalm which rejoices in the law, but rejoices more in the richness of relationship with God himself which is then expressed through diligent obedience. In fact, the Psalmist interweaves his wonder at the promise, the grace, the goodness, love and salvation of God with his determination to live according to God’s law. He delights in the law because it enables him to please the God he loves.

–Christopher J. H. Wright, Knowing Jesus Through the Old Testament

Also see:

Quotes About Jesus in the Old Testament – Pt 1 of Many

I have read three very good books that pertain to Jesus in the Old Testament. Since this isn’t a topic that’s mentioned a lot, I thought I’d post some quotes from these books that I think are helpful. This first book is a very short and inexpensive. If you want to read something that’s less than 40 pages as a primer, this one is great.

These inevitably also show us why it’s important to read and at least have a basic understanding of the Old Testament.

Notice, however, that the writer to the Hebrews grounds his message about the obsoleteness of the Old Testament in the Old Testament itself! He quotes the Old Testament repeatedly to help his readers to understand the glorious greatness of the new covenant in Christ. In other words, to understand the climactic message of the New Testament properly, you first need to understand the preparatory message of the Old Testament. Only then will you be ready to understand the mission of the Christ whom God has sent. This is why many missionaries who translate the Bible into other languages do not start with the New Testament, but rather with Old Testament texts such as Genesis 17and Psalms. Without those foundational passages and their teaching about who God is and how he related to Abraham and his descendants, it is hard for people to grasp the message that this God has now taken flesh and dwelt among us in the person of Jesus Christ.

–Iain Duguid, Is Jesus in the Old Testament? (Basics of the Faith)