Calvinism and Arminianism

Here are some posts related to a passage that doesn’t usually come up in comparisons.
Luke slips in predestination… – He Is Sufficient
Acts 13:48 – “Appointed” or “Disposed?” – I follow Christ
Acts 13:48: Arminian? Calvinistic? – Connecting
Acts 13:48 An Exegetical Study – Love Acceptance Forgiveness

For books related to this subject:
Arminianism and Calvinism Books: A Starter List

Arminianism:
Arminian Perspectives
Don’t Hate Me Because I’m Arminian – Roger E. Olson

Psalm 139:16 TNIV
your eyes saw my unformed body. All the days ordained for me were written in your book before one of them came to be.

Acts 13:48 HCSB
When the Gentiles heard this, they rejoiced and glorified the message of the Lord, and all who had been appointed to eternal life believed.

Romans 8:29 HCSB
For those He foreknew He also predestined to be conformed to the image of His Son, so that He would be the firstborn among many brothers.

Romans 9:14-16 HCSB
What should we say then? Is there injustice with God? Absolutely not! For He tells Moses: I will show mercy to whom I show mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion. So then it does not depend on human will or effort, but on God who shows mercy.
and also:
Romans 10:9-10 HCSB
if you confess with your mouth, “Jesus is Lord,” and believe in your heart that God raised Him from the dead, you will be saved. 10 With the heart one believes, resulting in righteousness, and with the mouth one confesses, resulting in salvation.

Ephesians 1:11 HCSB
In Him we were also made His inheritance, predestined according to the purpose of the One who works out everything in agreement with the decision of His will,

2 Timothy 1:9 HCSB
who has saved us and called us with a holy calling, not according to our works, but according to His own purpose and grace, which was given to us in Christ Jesus before time began.

How these two sides of God’s truth—His sovereignty in choosing us (Rom. 9) and our responsibility to confess and believe (Rom. 10)—reconcile is impossible for us to understand fully. But Scripture declares both perspectives of salvation to be true (John 1:12-13). It’s our duty to acknowledge both and joyfully accept them by faith.

–John MacArthur

1 Timothy 2:4 HCSB
who wants everyone to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth.

2 Peter 3:9 HCSB
The Lord does not delay His promise, as some understand delay, but is patient with you, not wanting any to perish, but all to come to repentance.

Ezekiel 33:11 HCSB
Tell them: As I live”-the declaration of the Lord God-“I take no pleasure in the death of the wicked, but rather that the wicked person should turn from his way and live. Repent, repent of your evil ways! Why will you die, house of Israel?

9 Responses to “Calvinism and Arminianism”


  1. 1 ElShaddai Edwards

    Thanks for posting this – I appreciate MacArthur’s quote very much.

  2. 2 Scripture Zealot

    You’re welcome.

  3. 3 Charles Cameron

    I write to draw your attention to my article,
    Charles M. Cameron, “Arminius-Hero or Heretic?” The Evangelical Quarterly 64.3 (1992): 213-27.

    The article concludes:

    In our theology of salvation, we must take care to preserve the dual emphasis of Scripture on both grace and faith: ‘By grace you have been saved through faith’ (Eph. 2:8). It is not ‘grace without faith’, and it is not ‘faith apart from grace’. Salvation is by not ‘grace without faith’, and it is not ‘faith apart from grace’. Salvation is ‘by grace through faith’. We are ‘kept by the power of God through faith’ (1 Pet. 1:5). It is not ‘the power of God apart from faith’, and it is not ‘faith independently of the power of God’. We are ‘kept by the power of God through faith’. In seeking to maintain the biblical balance between grace and faith, we may―perhaps surprisingly―find in Arminius, a theologian from whom we can learn much. He does not fit easily into the Calvinist Arminian patterns of theological pigeon­holing. He challenges us to think more deeply about the gospel, which is greater than all our systems. He invites us to have confidence in the gospel of Jesus Christ without becoming overconfi­dent in any particular interpretation, such as inflexible ‘Calvinism’ or superficial ‘Arminianism’.

    To find the full article, go to http://www.theologicalstudies.org.uk/pdf/eq/arminius_cameron.pdf
    Best wishes.
    Charlie

  4. 4 Scripture Zealot

    Thank you for providing the article.
    Jeff

  5. 5 tc robinson

    El, John MacArthur is a well-bred Calvinist.

  6. 6 ElShaddai Edwards

    Yeah, I figured as much since he said “our responsibility to confess and believe” rather than “our decision to confess and believe” or similar free will language…

  7. 7 Scripture Zealot

    Whatever the opposite of “well-bred” is, that’s what kind of Calvinist I am.
    Jeff

  8. 8 Bryan

    I’m a Calvinist by choice!

    *folds arms over chest*

  9. 9 tc robinson

    El, you got it!

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